Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 389833
Title Pesticide governance in export supply chains: the case of vegetable and fruit production in Vietnam
Author(s) Pham Van Hoi, ; Mol, A.P.J.; Oosterveer, P.J.M.
Source Environment and Planning C. Government and Policy 28 (2010)1. - ISSN 0263-774X - p. 97 - 111.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1068/c0928r
Department(s) WASS
Environmental Policy
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2010
Keyword(s) food safety - biotechnology - service - sector
Abstract We analyze the role of international agrofood supply chains in greening vegetable and fruit products and production in Vietnam. Mainly through contract-based procurement, the export- oriented vegetable and fruit supply chain is better structured and organized than the domestic supply chain. Exporters intervene to some degree in fruit and vegetable farming, to safeguard supply and to improve product quality. Pesticide use is one of exporters’ concerns, although pesticide application remains largely controlled by farmers. Despite some endogenous innovations to improve vegetable and fruit pesticide practices, farmers and exporters are especially responding to the demands of importers. Relatively lax import regulations from the main export markets (China and Russia) are the main reason for limited achievements in less-pesticide-dependent vegetable and fruit production in Vietnam. By the same token, these limited innovations constrain farmers and exporters from exporting to more challenging markets in the EU, the US, and Japan. Hence, in Vietnam export markets have hardly induced reduction in the use of pesticides in agricultural vegetable and fruit production
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