Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

    We have a manual that explains all the features 

Record number 391106
Title Water pollution by intensive brackish shrimp farming in south-east Vietnam: Causes and options for control
Author(s) Pham Thi Ahn, ; Kroeze, C.; Bush, S.R.; Mol, A.P.J.
Source Agricultural Water Management 97 (2010)6. - ISSN 0378-3774 - p. 872 - 882.
Department(s) WIMEK
Environmental Systems Analysis
Environmental Policy
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2010
Keyword(s) of-california ecoregion - mangrove forests - environmental-impact - nitrogen budget - aquaculture - pond - thailand - sustainability - effluent - alternatives
Abstract This paper focuses on both the environmental impact of intensive shrimp farming in the coastal region of Vietnam and the identification of options for cleaner production. We investigated water pollution, sediment contamination and the spread of diseases related to shrimp farming in the Can Gio district of Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam), an area representative for the impacts of intensive shrimp production in the country. Data on the production process was compiled from site observations, interviews with local farmers and experts, as well as from secondary sources. The results indicate that, while a large number of individual farms may exceed environmental standards, intensive shrimp farming is not always associated with waste streams exceeding water quality standards. This is interesting because it shows currently available technologies can reduce pollution from intensive shrimp farms. The paper concludes by identifying technologically and economically feasible options for reducing water pollution, problems associated with contaminated sediment, and the spread of diseases.
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