Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 391777
Title Effector diversity and gene innovations in Phytophthora
Author(s) Govers, F.
Source In: Book of Abstracts 10th European Conference on Fungal Genetics, Noordwijkerhout, the Netherlands, 29 March – 1 April 2010. - - p. 16 - 16.
Event 10th European Conference on Fungal Genetics, Noordwijkerhout, the Netherlands, 2010-03-29/2010-04-01
Department(s) Laboratory of Phytopathology
Publication type Abstract in scientific journal or proceedings
Publication year 2010
Abstract Phytophthora literally means plant destroyer, a name coined by the founding father of mycology, Anton de Bary, when he proved that a microorganism was the causal agent of the devastating potato late blight disease. The genus Phytophthora belongs to the oomycetes, a distinct lineage of fungus-like eukaryotes within the supergroup Chromalveolates and related to brown algae and diatoms. The ~ 240 Mb genome of Phytophthora infestans is the largest and most complex in the chromealveolate lineage and its sequence reveals features that illuminate its success as a pathogen. Comparison to other Phytophthora genomes showed rapid turnover and massive expansion of specific families encoding effector proteins, including the host-translocated effectors sharing an RXLR motif. These fast-evolving effector genes are localized to highly dynamic and expanded regions of the P. infestans genome and may attribute to the rapid and successful adaptability of this pathogen to host plants. Other hallmarks reminiscent of a dynamic genome are copy number variations and gene innovations, the latter resulting in proteins with oomycete-specific domain combinations several of which probably have a function in signal transduction
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