Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

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Record number 391782
Title Functional analysis of homologues of the Cladosporium fulvum Avr4 and ECp2 effectors present in other (pathogenic) fungal species
Author(s) Stergiopoulos, I.; Beenen, H.; Burg, H. van den; Kourmpetis, Y.I.A.; Okmen, B.; Wit, P.J.G.M. de
Source In: Book of Abstracts 10th European Conference on Fungal Genetics, Noordwijkerhout, the Netherlands, 29 March – 1 April 2010. - - p. 149 - 149.
Event 10th European Conference on Fungal Genetics, Noordwijkerhout, the Netherlands, 2010-03-29/2010-04-01
Department(s) Laboratory of Phytopathology
PRI Biometris
Publication type Abstract in scientific journal or proceedings
Publication year 2010
Abstract Cladosporium fulvum is a non-obligate biotrophic fungus of the Dothideomycetes class that causes leaf mould of tomato. During infection, C. fulvum secretes effectors that function as virulence factors in the absence of cognate Cf resistance proteins and induce effector-triggered immunity in their presence. Recently, homologues of the C. fulvum Avr4 and Ecp2 effectors were identified in species of Dothideomycetes, including Mycosphaerella fijiensis the causal agent of the black Sigatoka disease of banana. We have demonstrated that the M. fijiensis Avr4 is a functional orthologue of the C. fulvum Avr4 that binds to chitin and triggers a Cf-4-mediated hypersensitive response (HR) in tomato, suggesting that a common recognition site in the two effectors is recognized by the Cf-4. Using a targeted mutational approach, we are examining whether the chitin-binding domain present in these two effectors represents this recognition site. Three homologues of the C. fulvum Ecp2 are found in M. fijiensis, two of which induce different levels of necrosis or HR in tomato lines that lack or contain a cognate Cf-Ecp2 protein. Therefore, Ecp2 is suggested to promote virulence by interacting with a putative host target, causing host cell necrosis. Using a yeast-two-hybrid assay we will try to isolate Ecp2-interactors from tomato to further unravel the role of this effector in virulence. Finally, we are expanding our searches for Avr4 and Ecp2 homologues in fungal species outside the class of Dothideomycetes. Preliminary data suggest that Ecp2 is widely distributed among fungal species but has significantly diverged after speciation of these fungi
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