Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 396480
Title Assessing denitrification and N leaching in a field with organic amendments
Author(s) Radersma, S.; Smit, A.L.
Source NJAS Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences 58 (2011)1-2. - ISSN 1573-5214 - p. 21 - 29.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.njas.2010.06.001
Department(s) PPO Arable Farming, Multifunctional Agriculture and Field Production of Vegetables
PPO/PRI AGRO Duurzame Bedrijfssystemen
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2011
Keyword(s) nitrate vulnerable zone - paper-mill sludge - crop yields - nitrogen mineralization - plant residues - barley straw - forest soils - decomposition - management - release
Abstract Denitrification and leaching of nitrogen (N) from agriculture are a loss of nutrients to farmers and sources of pollution to water and air, and should therefore be minimized. In a field experiment on loamy soil, denitrification and N leaching were measured after late summer incorporation of fodder radish residues with or without paper pulp as N-immobilizing organic material. A set of relatively simple methods were used to measure and calculate denitrification and N leaching during the first two weeks after application and during the rest of the winter period. The methods were acetylene inhibition of nitrification, anion-exchange resin, the mineralization model MINIP, and inorganic-N balance calculations. Paper pulp increased N immobilization after the first day of application throughout the winter. This led to a 63–70% reduction in N losses compared with the sole fodder radish field and with the control. Denitrification was highest in the sole fodder radish treatment, at 65% of its total N losses. N leaching during the winter period was highest in the control, at 70% of its total N losses. This N was mainly liberated by mineralization of soil organic matter after ploughing in late summer. The application of paper pulp plus fodder radish did not affect sugar beet yields in the next year. The methodology for determining leaching and denitrification enabled the assessment of differences among treatments. It showed clearly that paper pulp strongly reduced N losses on this type of soil. The anion resin method that was used to measure leaching during the winter period showed clear and consistent differences between treatments, but may need additional calibration before fully relying on the absolute amounts of N leached
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