Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 397248
Title Applying a scaling perspective to the evaluation of governance instruments: A review of current knowledge of forest certification effectiveness
Author(s) Visseren-Hamakers, I.J.
Source In: Conference Program and Book of Abstracts, Scaling and Governance Conference 2010 on "Towards a New Knowledge for Scale Sensitive Governance of Complex Systems", Wageningen, The Netherlands, November 11-12, 2010. - Wageningen : Wageningen UR - p. 75 - 76.
Event Wageningen : Wageningen UR Scaling and Governance Conference 2010, Wageningen, 2010-11-10/2010-11-12
Department(s) Forest and Nature Conservation Policy
Publication type Abstract in scientific journal or proceedings
Publication year 2010
Abstract Certification is becoming an institutionalized governance approach to sustainable development. Certification schemes have been developed for a myriad of products, aiming to improve their social or environmental performance. Certification enables, and is perhaps even one of the drivers of, market-based governance. Forest certification can be regarded as a pioneer, since forest certification started as early as the beginning of the 1990s. One of the major standards the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) addresses both social and environmental concerns, while others, like the Programme for the Endorsement of Certification (PEFC) and its associated national schemes, have less stringent demands, especially on social aspects. Despite the relatively long experience with forest certification, no systematic global assessments of these certification schemes have been performed until today. There is, however, a scattered body of knowledge available, including evaluations of certifications in specific forest management areas, and comparisons of the standards on paper. In this body of knowledge, evaluations from a broader or scaling perspective are often lacking. Some authors do discuss the consequences of the fact that certification schemes are global instruments that are implemented in a local context. However, the certification debate is hardly ever placed in a broader context, questioning the extent to which certification can address the multiple causes of deforestation, or whether certification, and market-based governance in general, represents only a partial solution. This state of the art paper aims to present and review the current state of knowledge on the effectiveness of forest certification. Existing evaluations are analyzed in terms of the knowledge provided on the effectiveness of the schemes, the research approaches and methodologies applied, the scope of the evaluation in terms of, among others, inclusion of environmental and social issues, and the application of scaling perspectives. Based on this current state of knowledge, the paper develops a research agenda which aims to overcome the current knowledge gaps. The agenda proposes an assessment of the effectiveness, in terms of environmental, social and economic issues, of the major forest certification schemes, which includes contributions from both the natural and social sciences. The research agenda also proposes contributions to the governance debates on the risks, opportunities, and consequences of the current institutionalization of the governance mechanism of certification,while placing these debates in a scaling context
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