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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 417581
Title Strategies to improve smallholders' market access
Author(s) Tilburg, A. van; Schalkwyk, H.D. van
Source In: Unlocking markets to smallholders : Lessons from South Africa / van Schalkwyk, Herman D., Groenewald, Jan A., Fraser, Gavin C.G., Obi, Ajuruchulkwu, van Tilburg, Aad, Wageningen Academic Publishers (Mansholt publication series 10) - ISBN 9789086861347 - p. 35 - 58.
Department(s) Marketing and Consumer Behaviour
Publication type Peer reviewed book chapter
Publication year 2011
Abstract Smallholders, especially in less developed countries, have encountered several challenges in gaining access to markets. Market access includes the ability to obtain necessary farm inputs and farm services, and the ability to deliver farm products to buyers. Market access was less of a problem in the era of the marketing boards, roughly from 1940 to 1990, when a parastatal organisation – the marketing board – tended to provide essential farm inputs such as seed, fertilisers and ploughing services, farm services such as extension and credit, and output market services such as collection of the harvest, quality assessment and buying. Marketing boards tended to issue pan-seasonal and/or pan-territorial product prices and purchased from farmers and traders at several central locations. The consequence of this approach was that the decisions made by producers, processors, transporters, traders and consumers were not fully guided by free market principles and prices as indirect subsidies were involved. Marketing boards were dissolved in the ‘eighties’ and ‘nineties’ in the majority of developing countries because their activities, as a rule, appeared not to be economically sustainable and consequently a heavy burden on the national government’s budget. Consequently, smallholders were suddenly deprived of a supportive institutional marketing structure. This was also the case in South Africa with the repeal of the Marketing Act of 1968 and the implementation of the Marketing of Agricultural Products Act of 1996 (e.g. Van Schalkwyk et al., 2003).
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