Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

    We have a manual that explains all the features 

Record number 422310
Title Dutch Environmental Risk Indicator for Plant Protection Products
Author(s) Kruijne, R.; Linden, A.M.A. van der; Deneer, J.W.; Groenwold, J.G.; Wipfler, E.L.
Source Wageningen : Alterra Wageningen (Alterra-report 2250) - 88
Department(s) CWC - Environmental Risk Assessment
Soil Physics, Ecohydrology and Groundwater Management
Wageningen Environmental Research
Publication type Research report
Publication year 2012
Keyword(s) pesticiden - depositie - ecotoxicologie - ecosystemen - aquatische ecologie - bodemecologie - pesticides - deposition - ecotoxicology - ecosystems - aquatic ecology - soil ecology
Categories Environmental Toxicology, Ecotoxicology / Environmental Pollution
Abstract The NMI 3 focusses on indicators for emissions to surface water and the related aquatic risk resulting from agricultural use of pesticides in the Netherlands. The risk indicator is the exposure toxicity ratio. The model also considers the risk to groundwater, soil organisms and the terrestrial ecosystem. The model calculates indicators for emission to surface water resulting from atmospheric deposition, spray drift, drainage flow, point sources, discharge from greenhouses. The model combines a wide range of information about pesticide sales, usage, spray drift mitigation, emission factors, crop maps, surface water, soil, climate, and substance properties. The primary goal is to compare on a relative scale the annual risk at national scale at the starting and end year of the policy period. The results can be used for ranking, for comparing applications of similar type and for visualisation of spatial patterns of indicators. The result cannot be translated into a risk at a specific location and time.
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