Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 426575
Title Relative lake level fluctuations and their influence on productivity and resilience in tropical lakes and reservoirs
Author(s) Kolding, J.; Zwieten, P.A.M. van
Source Fisheries Research 115-116 (2012). - ISSN 0165-7836 - p. 99 - 109.
Department(s) Aquaculture and Fisheries
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2012
Keyword(s) potential fish production - water-level - morphoedaphic index - standing crop - great-lakes - fisheries - yield - phytoplankton - ecosystems - africa
Abstract Lakes and reservoirs are traditionally characterised from static morphological or chemical parameters such as depth and dissolved solids, while the dynamic impact of shifting water supplies has received little attention. There is increasing evidence, however, that the hydrodynamic regime in tropical water bodies plays a significant role in the injection and re-suspension of nutrients, and consequently has a strong influence on the biological communities and productivity. Lake level fluctuations can therefore be used as a proxy for bottom up driven processes. The application of a relative fluctuation index (RLLF) and its relationship with fish yields in a range of tropical lakes and reservoirs in Asia and Africa is reviewed. The RLLF is a simple empirical indicator defined as the mean amplitude of the annual or seasonal lake level fluctuations divided by the mean depth of the lake or reservoir, times 100. It builds on the classic morpho-edaphic index (MEI) for lakes and the more recent dynamic flood pulse concept (FPC), originally developed for rivers and floodplains. The RLLF index can be used as a predictive indicator for classifying lakes and reservoirs from stable to pulsed systems, and thereby their potential resilience to external disturbances. The index also has a strong log-linear relationship with the fish productivity. Shallow lakes and man-made reservoirs in general have the highest lake level changes, but also the highest fish yield per unit area, and even extreme fluctuations (amplitude higher than mean depth) seem only to accelerate the biological processes. The influence of water level changes on aquatic productivity should be taken into account when assessing environmental impacts within and outside man-made reservoirs.
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