Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 433019
Title Phosphorus flows and use efficiencies in production and consumption of wheat, rice and maize in China
Author(s) Ma, W.; Ma, L.; Li, J.; Wang, F.; Sisák, I.; Zhang, F.
Source Chemosphere 84 (2011)6. - ISSN 0045-6535 - p. 814 - 821.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.04.055
Department(s) Sub-department of Soil Quality
Plant Breeding
PE&RC
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2011
Keyword(s) environmental impacts - food-production - nitrogen - perspective - nutrient
Abstract Increasing fertilizer phosphorus (P) application in agriculture has greatly contributed to the increase of crop yields during the last decades in China but it has also increased P flows in food production and consumption. The relationship between P use efficiency and P flow is not well quantified at national level. In present paper we report on P flows and P use efficiencies in rice, wheat, and maize production in China using the NUFER model. Conservation strategies for P utilization and the impact of these strategies on P use efficiency have been evaluated. Total amounts of P input to wheat, rice, and maize fields were 1095, 1240, and 1128 Gg, respectively, in China, approximately 80% of which was in chemical fertilizers. The accumulation of P annually in the fields of wheat, rice, and maize was 29.4, 13.6, and 21.3 kg ha-1, respectively. Phosphorus recovered in the food products of wheat, rice, and maize accounted for only 12.5%, 13.5%, and 3.8% of the total P input, or 3.2%, 2.6%, and 0.9% of the applied fertilizer P, respectively. The present study shows that optimizing phosphorus flows and decreasing phosphorus losses in crop production and utilization through improved nutrient management must be considered as an important issue in the development of agriculture in China.
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