Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 438194
Title Characterization of ß-Galactosidase Isoforms from Bacillus circulans and Their Contribution to GOS Production
Author(s) Warmerdam, A.; Paudel, E.; Wanqing, J.; Boom, R.M.; Janssen, A.E.M.
Source Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology 170 (2013)2. - ISSN 0273-2289 - p. 340 - 358.
Department(s) Food Process Engineering
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2013
Keyword(s) lactose
Abstract A ß-galactosidase preparation from Bacillus circulans consists of four isoforms called ß-gal-A, ß-gal-B, ß-gal-C, and ß-gal-D. These isoforms differ in lactose hydrolysis and galacto-oligosaccharide (GOS) synthesis at low substrate concentrations. For this reason, using a selection of the isoforms may be relevant for GOS production, which is typically done at high substrate concentrations. At initial lactose concentrations in between 0.44% and 0.68% (w/w), ß-gal-A showed the least oligosaccharide formation, followed by ß-gal-B and ß-gal-C; most oligosaccharides were formed by ß-gal-D. The differences in behavior were confirmed by studying the thermodynamics of lactose conversion with isothermal titration calorimetry since especially ß-gal-A showed a different profile than the other isoforms. Also during the conversion of allolactose and 4-galactosyllactose at 0.44 % and 0.61 % (w/w), respectively, ß-gal-A and ß-gal-D showed clear differences. In contrast to above findings, the selectivity of the isoforms did hardly differ at an initial lactose concentration of 30 % (w/w), except for a slightly higher production of galactose with ß-gal-A. These differences were hypothesized to be related to the different accessibility of the active sites of the isoforms for different-sized reactants. The initial GOS formation rates of the isoforms indicate that ß-gal-A and ß-gal-B are the best isoforms for GOS production at high lactose concentrations
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