Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 440732
Title Possible contamination with clenbuterol from treated veal calves to untreated pen mates
Author(s) Groot, M.J.; Lasaroms, J.J.P.; Bennekom, E.O. van; Hende, J. van; Nielen, M.W.F.
Source Food Additives & Contaminants. Pt. A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment 30 (2013)6. - ISSN 1944-0049 - p. 1063 - 1067.
Department(s) RIKILT - Business Unit Safety & Health
BU Microbiological & Chemical Food Analysis
Organic Chemistry
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2013
Abstract To investigate whether clenbuterol-treated calves could contaminate untreated pen mates, three animal experiments were performed. (1) One calf of a pen of five was treated with clenbuterol by injection (Ventipulmin injection, REG NL 2532, 2.5 mL/100 kg) twice a day for 10 days. (2) In two pens, one animal was treated with clenbuterol via oral administration (Ventipulmin syrup, REG NL 2532, 4 mL/125 kg) for 4 weeks. (3) In two pens, one animal was treated with clenbuterol via the milk (Ventipulmin, REG NL 2532, 2.5 mL/100 kg body weight) twice a day for 10 days. Here, the animal was set apart during treatment, cleaned and put back into the group. Levels of clenbuterol were analysed in hair and urine with LC-MS/MS. Clenbuterol administered by injection could not be transferred from treated to untreated calves. In the second experiment, all pen mates were found positive for clenbuterol in the hair. This contamination was probably due to licking the mouth of the treated animal or saliva from the treated animal spoiling the floor. In the third experiment, no pen mates were found positive for clenbuterol in the hair. Clenbuterol was found in the urine and hair of only treated animals.
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