A more closed farming system may prevent introduction of infectious diseases on dairy farms and can be a good starting point for control of these diseases. Data were available on the presence of Bovine Herpes Virus 1 (BHV1) antibodies in bulk milk and/or blood samples of Dutch dairy farms. Furthermore, information about the possible risk factors for introduction of infectious diseases was collected on 214 of these dairy farms. Data of 107 farms which had been never vaccinated against BHV1 remained for the analysis. A positive BHV1 status on these 107 farms could only be caused by introduction of BHV1. Risk factors for introduction of BHV1 on the farms were quantified using logistic regression. BHV1-positive farms purchased cattle and participated in cattle shows more often compared with BHV1-negative farms. A BHV1-positive farm also had more (professional) visitors in the barn who used farm clothing less often. The BHV1-positive farms were found to be situated closer to other cattle farms compared with the BHV1-negative farms
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