Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 443314
Title Pseudogenization in pathogenic fungi with different host plants and lifestyles might reflect their evolutionary past
Author(s) Burgt, I.A. van der; Karimi, M.; Bahkali, A.H.; Wit, P.J.G.M. de
Source Molecular Plant Pathology 15 (2014)2. - ISSN 1464-6722 - p. 133 - 144.
Department(s) Laboratory of Phytopathology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2014
Keyword(s) cladosporium-fulvum - gene - resistance - prediction - software - proteins - genomics - update - locus
Abstract Pseudogenes are genes with significant homology to functional genes but contain disruptive mutations (DMs) leading to production of non- or partially functional proteins. Little is known about pseudogenization in pathogenic fungi with different lifestyles. Here we report on identification of DMs causing pseudogenes in the genomes of the fungal plant pathogens Botrytis cinerea, Cladosporium fulvum, Dothistroma septosporum, Mycosphaerella fijiensis, Verticillium dahliae and Zymoseptoria tritici. In these fungi we have identified 1740 gene models containing 2795 DMs obtained by an alignment-based gene prediction method. The contribution of sequencing errors to DMs was minimized by analyses of resequenced genomes to obtain a refined data set of 924 gene models containing 1666 true DMs. The frequency of pseudogenes varied from 1 to 5% in the gene catalogues of these fungi, being the highest in the asexually reproducing fungi C. fulvum (4.9%), followed by D. septosporum (2.4%) and V. dahliae (2.1%). The majority of pseudogenes does not represent recent gene duplications, but members of multi-gene families and unitary genes. In general there was no bias for pseudogenization of specific genes in the six fungi. Single exceptions are those encoding secreted proteins including proteases which appeared more frequently pseudogenized in C. fulvum than in D. septosporum. Most pseudogenes present in these two phylogenically closely related fungi are not shared suggesting that they are related to adaptation to a different host (tomato versus pine) and lifestyle (biotroph versus hemi-biotroph)
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