Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 443476
Title Ballast water treatment techniques: review and suggestions regarding use in the Arctic and Great Lakes
Author(s) Brink, A.M. van den; Kaag, N.H.B.M.; Sneekes, A.C.
Source Den Helder : IMARES (Report / IMARES Wageningen UR C148/13) - 24
Department(s) Delta
Experimental Ecology
Publication type Research report
Publication year 2013
Keyword(s) transport - waterzuivering - noordelijke ijszee - waterbeheer - transport - water treatment - arctic ocean - water management
Categories Water Management (General)
Abstract The retreating ice cover opens up the opportunity for new shipping routes, and consequently shipping traffic in the Arctic region is increasing and with this the risk of introducing non-indigenous species (NIS) via ballast water. Ballast water must therefore be treated to prevent the transport of NIS in an environmentally friendly way to minimise the environmental impact of the treatment. There is, however, limited information on the suitability of different ballast water treatment methods for use specifically in Arctic conditions. A literature study was conducted to identify and summarise different ballast water treatment methods, evaluate their potential for use in the Arctic, and to identify gaps in the current knowledge on Arctic ballast water treatment for further investigation. As winter conditions on the Great Lakes present a useful analogue for Arctic operation, these conditions were also included in the scope of work. Three basic methods for ballast water treatment were addressed: mechanical systems, physical disinfection, and chemical treatments. In ballast water treatment systems often a combinations of these techniques is applied. From the literature, each technique was described and evaluated regarding key environmental conditions present in the Arctic and Great Lakes regions, such as salinity, temperature and turbidity.
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