Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 451945
Title Energy use and greenhouse gas emissions in organic and conventional farming systems in the Netherlands
Author(s) Bos, J.F.F.P.; Haan, J.J. de; Sukkel, W.; Schils, R.L.M.
Source NJAS Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences 68 (2014). - ISSN 1573-5214 - p. 61 - 70.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.njas.2013.12.003
Department(s) Land Use and Food Security
OT Team Bedrijfssyst.onderz./Bodemkwaliteit
Sustainable Soil Use
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2014
Keyword(s) life-cycle assessment - southern germany - dairy - agriculture - efficiency - biodiversity - balances - impacts - model - milk
Abstract Organic agriculture is often considered to contribute to reducing energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, also on a per unit product basis. For energy, this is supported by a large number of studies, but the body of evidence for GHGs is smaller. Dutch agriculture is characterized by relatively intensive land use in both organic and conventional farming, which may affect their performance in terms of energy use and GHG emissions. This paper presents results of a model study on energy use and GHG emissions in Dutch organic and conventional farming systems. Energy use per unit milk in organic dairy is approximately 25% lower than in conventional dairy, while GHG emissions are 5-10% lower. Contrary to dairy farming, energy use and GHG emissions in organic crop production are higher than in conventional crop production. Energy use in organic arable farming is 10-30% and in organic vegetable farming 40-50% higher than in their respective conventional counterparts. GHG emissions in organic arable and vegetable farming are 0-15% and 35-40% higher, respectively. Our results correspond with other studies for dairy farming, but not for crop production. The most likely cause for higher energy use and GHG emissions in Dutch organic crop production is its high intensity level, which is expressed in crop rotations with a large share of high-value crops, relatively high fertiliser inputs and frequent field operations related to weeding
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