Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 451982
Title Consumer and farmer safety evaluation of application of botanical pesticides in black pepper crop protection
Author(s) Hernandez-Moreno, J.; Soffers, A.E.M.F.; Wiratno, ; Falke, H.E.; Rietjens, I.; Murk, A.J.
Source Food and Chemical Toxicology 56 (2013). - ISSN 0278-6915 - p. 483 - 490.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2013.01.033
Department(s) VLAG
Toxicology
Wageningen Marine Research
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2013
Keyword(s) clove oil - rotenone - ingestion - insecticides - toxicology - calamus - rat
Abstract This study presents a consumer and farmer safety evaluation on the use of four botanical pesticides in pepper berry crop protection. The pesticides evaluated include preparations from clove, tuba root, sweet flag and pyrethrum. Their safety evaluation was based on their active ingredients being eugenol, rotenone, ß-asarone and pyrethrins, respectively. Botanical pesticides from Acorus calamus are of possible concern because of the genotoxic and carcinogenic ingredient ß-asarone although estimated margins of exposure (MOE) for consumers indicate a low priority for risk management. For the other three botanical pesticides the margin of safety (MOS) between established acute reference doses and/or acceptable daily intake values and intake estimates for the consumer, resulting from their use as a botanical pesticide are not of safety concern, with the exception for levels of rotenone upon use of tuba root extracts on stored berries. Used levels of clove and pyrethrum as botanical pesticides in pepper berry crop production is not of safety concern for consumers or farmers, whereas for use of tuba root and sweet flag some risk factors were defined requiring further evaluation and/or risk management. It seems prudent to look for alternatives for use of sweet flag extracts containing ß-asarone
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