Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 452698
Title Effect of tillage on earthworms over short- and medium-term in conventional and organic farming
Author(s) Crittenden, S.; Eswaramurthy, T.; Goede, R.G.M. de; Brussaard, L.; Pulleman, M.M.
Source Applied Soil Ecology 83 (2014). - ISSN 0929-1393 - p. 140 - 148.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2014.03.001
Department(s) Soil Biology
PE&RC
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2014
Keyword(s) cropping systems - soil-structure - population-dynamics - communities - diversity - abundance - lumbricidae - landscapes - compaction - management
Abstract Earthworms play an important role in many soil functions and are affected by soil tillage in agricultural soils. However, effects of tillage on earthworms are often studied without considering species and their interactions with soil properties. Furthermore, many field studies are based on one-time samplings that do not allow for characterisation of temporal variation. The current study monitored the short (up to 53 days) and medium term (up to 4 years) effects of soil tillage on earthworms in conventional and organic farming. Earthworm abundances decreased one and three weeks after mouldboard ploughing in both conventional and organic farming, suggesting direct and indirect mechanisms. However, the medium-term study revealed that earthworm populations in mouldboard ploughing systems recovered by spring. The endogeic species Aporrectodea caliginosa strongly dominated the earthworm community (76%), whereas anecic species remained
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