Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 455924
Title Lanthanum from a modified clay used in eutrophication control is bioavailable to the marbled crayfish (Procambarus fallax f. virginalis)
Author(s) Oosterhout, F. van; Goitom, E.; Roessink, I.; Lurling, M.
Source PLoS ONE 9 (2014)7. - ISSN 1932-6203 - 9 p.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0102410
Department(s) Environmental Risk Assessment
Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality Management
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2014
Keyword(s) phosphorus binding clay - copper nickel smelters - rare-earth-elements - heavy-metals - fresh-water - lakes - toxicity - accumulation - phoslock(r) - sediment
Abstract To mitigate eutrophication in fresh standing waters the focus is on phosphorus (P) control, i.e. on P inflows to a lake as well as a lake's sediment as internal P source. The in-lake application of the lanthanum (La) modified clays – i.e. La modified bentonite (Phoslock) or La modified kaolinite, aim at dephosphatising the water column and at reducing the release of P from a lake's sediment. Application of these clays raises the question whether La from these clays can become bioavailable to biota. We investigated the bioavailability of La from Phoslock in a controlled parallel groups experiment in which we measured the La in carapace, gills, ovaries, hepatopancreas and abdominal muscle after 0, 14 and 28 days of exposure to Phoslock. Expressing the treatment effect as the difference of the median concentration between the two treatment groups (Phoslock minus control group) yield the following effects, the plus sign (+) indicating an increase, concentrations in µg g-1 dry weight: Day 14: carapace +10.5 µg g-1, gills +112 µg g-1, ovaries +2.6 µg g-1, hepatopancreas +32.9 µg g-1 and abodminal muscle +3.2 µg g-1. Day 28: carapace +17.9 µg g-1; gills +182 µg g-1; ovaries +2.2 µg g-1; hepatopancreas +41.9 µg g-1 and abodminal muscle +7.6 µg g-1, all effects were statistically significant. As La from Phoslock is bio-available to and taken up by the marbled crayfishes (Procambarus fallax f. virginalis), we advocate that the application of in-lake chemical water treatments to mitigate eutrophication should be accompanied by a thorough study on potential side effects
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