Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 456035
Title Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor 1 Gain-of-Function Mutation Aggravates Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease but Does Not Cause Insulin Resistance in a Murine Model
Author(s) Aparicio-Vergara, M.; Hommelberg, P.P.H.; Schreurs, M.; Gruben, N.; Stienstra, R.; Shiri-Sverdlov, R.; Kloosterhuis, N.J.; Bruin, A. de; Sluis, B. van der; Koonen, D.P.Y.; Hofker, M.H.
Source Hepatology 57 (2013)2. - ISSN 0270-9139 - p. 566 - 576.
Department(s) Nutrition, Metabolism and Genomics
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2013
Keyword(s) alpha-converting-enzyme - tnf-alpha - dietary-cholesterol - hepatic steatosis - gene-expression - mice - steatohepatitis - obesity - inflammation - activation
Abstract Ectodomain shedding of tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1) provides negative feedback to the inflammatory loop induced by TNF alpha. As the significance of this mechanism in obesity-associated pathologies is unclear, we aimed to unravel how much TNFR1 ectodomain shedding controls the development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), as well as its role in the development of insulin resistance. We used knockin mice expressing a mutated TNFR1 ectodomain (p55Dns), incapable of shedding and dampen the inflammatory response. Our data show that persistent TNF alpha signaling through this inability of TNFR1 ectodomain shedding contributes to chronic low-grade inflammation, which is confined to the liver. In spite of this, hepatic lipid levels were not affected by the nonshedding mutation in mice fed a chow diet, nor were they worse off following 12 weeks of high-fat diet (HFD) than controls (p55(+/+)) fed an HFD. We detected inflammatory infiltrates, hepatocellular necrosis, and apoptosis in livers of p55(Delta ns/Delta ns) mice fed an HFD, suggesting advanced progression of NAFLD toward nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Indeed, fibrosis was present in p55(Delta ns/Delta ns) mice, but absent in wildtype mice, confirming that the p55(Delta ns/Delta ns) mice had a more severe NASH phenotype. Despite low-grade hepatic inflammation, insulin resistance was not observed in p55(Delta ns/Delta ns) mice fed a chow diet, and HFD-induced insulin resistance was no worse in p55(Delta ns/Delta ns) mice than p55(+/+) mice. Conclusion: TNFR1 ectodomain shedding is not an essential feedback mechanism in preventing the development of hepatic steatosis or insulin resistance. It is, however, pivotal in attenuating the progression from "simple steatosis" towards a more serious phenotype with many NASH features. Targeting TNFR1 could therefore be beneficial in attenuating NASH. (HEPATOLOGY 2013;57:566-576)
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