Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 479290
Title Open innovation in the Agrifood industry
Author(s) Omta, S.W.F.; Fortuin, F.T.J.M.; Dijkman, N.C.
Event Sustainability and Innovation in Chains and Networks, Capri, Italy, 2014-06-04/2014-06-06
Department(s) Business Management & Organisation
Publication type Abstract in scientific journal or proceedings
Publication year 2014
Abstract The present paper aims to extend the discussion in the governance literature whether structural and relational governance mechanisms complement or substitute each other in R&D alliances. Where structural governance mechanisms refer to the division of tasks within the alliance and to upfront contractual and non-contractual input, output and risk related agreements, relational governance mechanisms refer to trust, using informal norms and rules for coordination purposes. In innovation literature much attention has been spend on relational governance, which is expected to offer more flexibility needed for innovation than the as rigid perceived regulations in structural governance. However, the authors argue that the essential role of structural governance as a solid basis for creating trust, especially in alliances in which the partners do not know each other, is clearly underexposed in management literature. To fill up this gap, a model conceptualizing the R&D alliance from inception to performance was tested using Partial Least Squares, employing a cross-sectional dataset of 94 R&D alliances in the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, Austria and Switzerland. The results indeed show the essential role of structural agreements to create a platform for trust on which relational governance can strive, while a clear task division can help to reduce the complexity of the inter-organizational innovation process, by reducing the interdependency of the partners. Both structural mechanisms ease the communication among the alliance partners, leading to a higher level of knowledge exchange, and ultimately leading to better alliance performance.
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