Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 481388
Title The Development of a Diet Quality Score for Preschool Children and Its Validation and Determinants in the Generation R Study
Author(s) Voortman, T.; Kiefte-de Jong, J.C.; Geelen, A.; Villamor, G.B.; Moll, H.A.; Jongste, J.C. de; Raat, H.; Hofman, A.; Jaddoe, V.W.V.; Franco, O.H.; Hooven, E.H. van den
Source The Journal of Nutrition 145 (2015)2. - ISSN 0022-3166 - p. 306 - 314.
DOI https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.114.199349
Department(s) VLAG
Nutrition and Disease
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2015
Keyword(s) healthy eating index - multiple imputation - measurement error - pattern-analysis - food - adolescents - associations - childhood - nutrition - validity
Abstract Background: Although many studies have examined health effects of infant feeding, studies on diet quality shortly after the weaning and lactation period are scarce. Objectives: Our aims were to develop and evaluate a diet score that measures overall diet quality in preschool children and to examine the sociodemographic and lifestyle determinants of this score. Methods: On the basis of national and international dietary guidelines for young children, we developed a diet score containing 10 components: intake of vegetables; fruit; bread and cereals; rice, pasta, potatoes, and legumes; dairy; meat and eggs; fish; oils and fats; candy and snacks; and sugar-sweetened beverages. The total score ranged from 0 to 10 on a continuous scale and was standardized to an energy intake of 1200 kcal/d with the residual method. The score was evaluated in 3629 children participating in the Generation R Study, a population-based prospective cohort study. Food consumption was assessed with a food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) at a median age of 13 mo. Results: The mean +/- SD diet score was 4.1 +/- 1.3. The food-based diet score was positively associated with intakes of many nutrients, including n-3 (omega-3)-31 fatty acids [FAs; 0.25 SD increase 195% CI: 0.22, 0.27) per 1 point increase in the diet score], dietary fiber [0.32 (95% CI: 0.30, 0.34)], and calcium [0.13 (95% CI: 0.11, 0.16)], and was inversely associated with intakes of sugars [-0.28(95% CI: -0.31, -0.26)] and saturated fat [-0.03 (95% CI: -0.05, -0.01)]. A higher diet score was associated with several health-conscious behaviors, such as maternal folic acid supplement use during pregnancy, no smoking during pregnancy, and children watching less television. Conclusion: We developed a novel food-based diet score for preschool children that could be applied in future studies to compare diet quality in early childhood and to investigate associations between diet in early childhood and growth, health, and development.
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