Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 483030
Title Regional restrictions on environmental impact assessment approval in China: the legitimacy of environmental authoritarianism
Author(s) Zhu, X.; Zhang, L.; Ran, R.; Mol, A.P.J.
Source Journal of Cleaner Production 92 (2015). - ISSN 0959-6526 - p. 100 - 108.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.01.003
Department(s) Environmental Policy
WASS
WIMEK
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2015
Keyword(s) public-participation - politics - implementation - management - democracy - power - law
Abstract The poor enforcement and effectiveness of environmental impact assessment (EIA) on construction and investment projects in China has long been blamed for not preventing environmental pollution and degradation. At the same time, freezing EIA approval of all new projects in an administrative region, introduced in 2006 as a punishment for failing to meet regional environmental quality targets, has been regarded as an innovative administrative instrument used by higher level environmental authorities on local governments. But it also raised controversies. Applying an environmental authoritarianism perspective, this study analyzed the legitimacy and environmental effectiveness of freezing EIA approval procedures by reviewing all 25 national cases and 12 provincial cases of so-called EIA Restrictions Targeting Regions between 1 December 2006 and 31 December 2013. The results show that such an environmental authoritarian measure is to some extent environmentally effective but lacks legality and transparency towards and participation of third parties, and hence falls short in legitimacy. Legal foundations and wider third party participation are essential for the long term effectiveness of this policy and its transfer to other countries.
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