Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 486458
Title Operational efficiency of ballast water biocides at low water temperatures
Author(s) Kaag, N.H.B.M.; Sneekes, A.C.
Source Den Helder : IMARES (Report / IMARES Wageningen UR C052/15) - 22
Department(s) Maritiem
Experimental Ecology
Publication type Research report
Publication year 2015
Keyword(s) transport over water - schepen - waterballast - geïntroduceerde soorten - waterzuivering - oceanen - canada - water transport - ships - water ballasting - introduced species - water treatment - oceans - canada
Categories Marine Ecology
Abstract In the period 2013-2015 the effect of two biocides used for the treatment of ballast water has been evaluated at low ambient temperatures. Peraclean® Ocean and sodium hypochlorite were used as biocides. Most of the tests were conducted during winter and early spring at the laboratories of IMARES in Den Helder, using outdoor cultures from which phytoplankton and zooplankton (as communities) were collected for the tests. In summer 2013, tests were also conducted at Svalbard in the Arctic using natural zooplankton. Here only Peraclean® Ocean was tested.
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