Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 486888
Title Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and extended-spectrum and AmpC b-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli in broilers and in people living and/or working on organic broiler farms
Author(s) Huijbers, P.M.C.; Hoek, A.H.A.M. van; Graat, E.A.M.; Haenen, A.P.J.; Florijn, A.; Hengeveld, P.D.; Duijkeren, E. van
Source Veterinary Microbiology 176 (2015)1-2. - ISSN 0378-1135 - p. 120 - 125.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2014.12.010
Department(s) Quantitative Veterinary Epidemiology
RIKILT - Business Unit Safety & Health
WIAS
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2015
Keyword(s) livestock-associated mrsa - risk-factors - prevalence - netherlands - humans
Abstract The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and extended-spectrum and AmpC b-lactamase (ESBL/AmpC)-producing Escherichia coli among broilers, and humans living and/or working on organic broiler farms; further characterise isolates; and compare these results with those from conventional farms. In the Netherlands, only 9 certified organic broiler farms were present. On 8 of these farms, 60 throat swabs and 20 cloacal swabs were taken per farm for MRSA and ESBL/AmpC-E. coli detection, respectively, at an average age of both 34 (T1) and 68 (T2) days. Faecal swabs and questionnaires were returned by 27 out of 36 humans. For selected ESBL/AmpC-producing E. coli isolates, phylogenetic groups, b-lactamase genes, plasmid families, and sequence types were determined. MRSA was not detected in broiler and human samples. ESBL/AmpC-producing E. coli were isolated from broilers on 7/8 farms at T1 and on all farms at T2. Furthermore, 3 farmers at T1, and 2 farmers and 1 family member at T2 were positive. Genes found in broilers and humans were almost exclusively blaCTX-M-1 and blaCMY-2. Given the high overall human ESBL/AmpC-prevalence (18.5%), which is similar to conventional farms, contact with live broilers is assumed a risk factor for carriage. Farm and sample-level prevalence at T1 are consistent with those from conventional farms. At T2, just before slaughter, sample-level prevalence of ESBL/AmpC-E. coli appears to have decreased (94.3%vs. 80%), which could have important consequences for contamination of retail meat.
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