|Title||De bodemgesteldheid van de Maaskant|
|Author(s)||Diepen, D. van|
|Source||Wageningen University. Promotor(en): C.H. Edelman. - 's-Gravenhage : Staatsdrukkerij en Uitgeverijbedrijf - 212|
|Department(s)||Soil Survey Institute|
|Publication type||Dissertation, internally prepared|
|Keyword(s)||bodemkarteringen - kaarten - bodemkunde - nederland - noord-brabant - soil surveys - maps - soil science - netherlands - noord-brabant|
|Categories||Land Evaluation / Soil Science (General)|
|Abstract||During the last two centuries floods of the Meuse depressed agricultural production to a low level on the Meuse Bank, a broad area of north-east North Brabant flooded each year. In 1930 the Meuse was canalized, the Beers Meuse disappeared and flooding ended. Yet development of modern farming after land re- allocation did not start. To study the possibilities of improvement, soils were surveyed.
The area proved to consist mainly of river deposits (natural levees and heavy- textured river backswamps) with a typical layout of shape. The basin soils showed typical problems, the establishment of farms on the swamps might be a solution if market gardens were developed on the levee soils.
Besides making extensive soil descriptions and studying soil fertility and formation (gleying), and the history of hydrology and water control, holocene geology was studied. The dating of several peaty layers permitted the reconstruction of the holocene history of the Meuse. Influences of the Peelhorst and Peel graben system were probable.