Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 493608
Title Hydrogenotrophic activity under increased H2/CO2 pressure: Effect on methane production and microbial community
Author(s) Lopes, M.; Alves, J.I.; Arantes, A.L.; Belo, I.; Sousa, D.Z.; Alves, M.M.
Source In: Abstracts European Biotechnology Contress 2015. - - p. S57 - S57.
Event European Biotechnology Contress 2015 Bucharest, Romania, 2015-05-07/2015-05-09
Department(s) Microbiology
Publication type Abstract in scientific journal or proceedings
Publication year 2015
Abstract H2 and CO2 are main compounds of synthesis gas. Efficient conversion of syngas to biomethane is a straightforward strategy to integrate the energy value of syngas into existing natural gas grid infrastructures. In this study, the effect of initial H2/CO2 (80/20, v/v) pressure on methane production rate and microbial community diversity was assessed in a hyperbaric bioreactor inoculated with anaerobic granular sludge. Several batch experiments were performed to distinguish between the effect of initial total gas pressure and H2/CO2 partial pressure: (1) varying initial gas pressure (from 1 to 6 bar) with 100% H2/CO2 mixture; (2) constant initial gas pressure (5 bar), with increasing H2/CO2 partial pressure (from 1 to 5 bar); (3) varying initial gas pressure (from 2 to 5 bar) with constant H2/CO2 partial pressure (2 bar). In (2) and (3), N2 was used for ensuring the necessary overpressure. Microbial community changes in the system were monitored by 16S rRNA-based techniques (PCR-DGGE). The raise of H2/CO2 initial pressure (100% H2/CO2) from 1 to 5 bar led to an improvement in methane rate production from 0.035 ± 0.014 mmol h-1 to 0.072 ± 0.019 mmol h-1. Similar methane production rates were observed in reactors operated at the same H2/CO2 partial pressures, even when varying the total initial gas pressure. Hydrogen partial pressure was shown to determine the structure of bacterial communities and diversity decreased with increasing H2/CO2 partial pressure. No significant changes were observed for the archaeal communities
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