Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 503439
Title Towards sustainable intensification of apple production in China - Yield gaps and nutrient use efficiency in apple farming systems
Author(s) Wang, Na; Wolf, Joost; Zhang, Fu Suo
Source Journal of Integrative Agriculture 15 (2016)4. - ISSN 2095-3119 - p. 716 - 725.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/S2095-3119(15)61099-1
Department(s) Plant Production Systems
PE&RC
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2016
Keyword(s) Apple production - China - Environmental problems - Nutrient use efficiency - Potential yield - Sustainable intensification - Yield gaps
Abstract

China is in a dominant position in apple production globally with both the largest apple growing area and the largest export of fresh apple fruits. However, the annual productivity of China's apple is significantly lower than that of other dominant apple producing countries. In addition, apple production is based on excessive application of chemical fertilizers and the nutrient use efficiency (especially nitrogen) is therefore low and the nutrient emissions to the environment are high. Apple production in China is considerably contributes to farmers' incomes and is important as export product. There is an urgent need to enhance apple productivity and improve nutrient use efficiencies in intensive apple production systems in the country. These can be attained by improved understanding of production potential, yield gaps, nutrient use and best management in apple orchards. To the end, priorities in research on apple production systems and required political support are described which may lead to more sustainable and environmental-friendly intensification of apple production in China.

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