|Title||Convergent evolution of filamentous microbes towards evasion of glycan-triggered immunity|
|Author(s)||Rovenich, Hanna; Zuccaro, Alga; Thomma, Bart P.H.J.|
|Source||New Phytologist 212 (2016)4. - ISSN 0028-646X - p. 896 - 901.|
Laboratory of Phytopathology
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||Chitin - Effector - Glycan recognition - Microbial cell wall - β-glucan|
I. II. III. IV. V. VI. References Summary: All filamentous microbes produce and release a wide range of glycans, which are essential determinants of microbe-microbe and microbe-host interactions. Major cell wall constituents, such as chitin and β-glucans, are elicitors of host immune responses. The widespread capacity for glycan perception in plants has driven the evolution of various strategies that help filamentous microbes to evade detection. Common strategies include structural and chemical modifications of cell wall components as well as the secretion of effector proteins that suppress chitin- and β-glucan-triggered immune responses. Thus, the necessity to avoid glycan-triggered immunity represents a driving force in the convergent evolution of filamentous microbes towards its suppression.