Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

    We have a manual that explains all the features 

Record number 515471
Title Behaviour of migrating toads under artificial lights differs from other phases of their life cycle
Author(s) Grunsven, Roy H.A. Van; Creemers, Raymond; Joosten, Kris; Donners, Maurice; Veenendaal, Elmar M.
Source Amphibia-Reptilia 38 (2017)1. - ISSN 0173-5373 - p. 49 - 55.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1163/15685381-00003081
Department(s) Plant Ecology and Nature Conservation
PE&RC
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2017
Keyword(s) Amphibian - Anura - fragmentation - light pollution - mitigation - phototaxis - spectra
Abstract During annual spring migration in Western Europe many amphibians are killed by traffic when they cross roads moving to reproduction sites. Especially in urban settings these roads are often equipped with street lighting. The response of amphibians to this light during migration is however poorly known. Street lighting may attract migrating amphibians increasing the risk of being struck by traffic. Using experimental illumination we tested whether light affected the migration and if adjustment of the spectral composition could mitigate effects. Barriers used to catch toads and help them cross roads safely were divided in 25 meter long sections and these were illuminated with white, green or red light or kept dark. The number of toads caught in each section was counted. Common toads avoided sections of roads that were illuminated with white or green light but not red light. Street light thus affects migrating toads but not as expected and red light with low levels of short wavelength can be used to mitigate effects.
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