|Title||De credietbehoefte van den Indonesischen landbouwer|
|Author(s)||Doorn, C.L. van|
|Source||Wageningen University. Promotor(en): J.C. Kielstra. - Apeldoorn : Wekker - 123|
|Publication type||Dissertation, internally prepared|
|Keyword(s)||landbouwkrediet - nederlands indië - agricultural credit - netherlands east indies|
|Abstract||The mutual relation was studied of the communal credit system and Indonesian society. The penetration of world trade in Indonesian farming at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century was influenced by population increase, demand for previously unknown products and taxation. The necessary money was obtained by growing commercial crops and by working on European plantations.
Various forms of credit before the development of trade and ways of preventing profiteering from money-lending were discussed. The Indonesian credit system was said to have derived largely from a changed conception about this society rather than from needs originating through a deep change in Indonesian society. Reasons were set out why co-operative credit had developed less adequately in many parts of Java than in India. The relationships determining the manner in which agricultural work was carried out were discussed. It was demonstrated how the granting of credit through the communal credit system could influence the establishment of share-cropping and tenancy.
Credit for buying seed, breeding livestock, land improvement and for buying land were considered. Credit for buying land would not lead to an intensifying of agriculture such as would occur in Europe.