Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 539796
Title Cocoa sustainability initiatives : the impacts of cocoa sustainability initiatives in West Africa
Author(s) Ingram, V.J.; Waarts, Y.R.; Rijn, F.C. van
Source In: Achieving sustainable cultivation of cocoa / Umaharan, Pathmanathan, Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing Limited (Burleigh Dodds series in agricultural science ) - ISBN 9781786761682 - p. 515 - 540.
Department(s) WASS
Forest and Nature Conservation Policy
International Policy
Publication type Peer reviewed book chapter
Publication year 2018
Abstract The cocoa sector faces a number of deeply embedded, interrelated challenges, including old trees with low productivity; low farmer and worker incomes; pest and disease attacks; political instability in many of the main countries of origin; persistent poor labour conditions and negative environmental impacts, such as deforestation, soil degradation and pollution; tight relationship between supply in the face of growing demand and longterm cyclical recession and expansion booms affecting global market and farm gate prices (Ruf and Siswoputranto 1995; Nkamleu et al. 2010; Matissek et al. 2012; Fountain and HutzAdams 2015). Organising smallholders into groups and undertaking voluntary initiatives, such as certification, often accompanied by training and improved access to agricultural inputs, have been proposed to address some of these multiple, long-running problems. These sustainability interventions have been implemented largely by international traders in the cocoa value chain, government agencies, certification organisations and nongovernmental organisations (NGOs). But do they work? What has been the impact of the multitude of sustainability-based interventions in the last decade on different types of farmers, and how to untangle the impacts of different interventions?
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