Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 540962
Title Self-foraging vs facilitated foraging by Lesser Black-backed Gull (Larus fuscus) at the Frisian Front, the Netherlands
Author(s) Baptist, Martin; Bemmelen, Rob Van; Leopold, Mardik; Haan, Dick De; Flores, Hauke; Couperus, Bram; Fassler, Sascha; Geelhoed, Steve
Source Bulletin of Marine Science 95 (2019)1. - ISSN 0007-4977 - p. 29 - 43.
Department(s) Onderzoeksformatie
Wildlife Ecology and Conservation
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2019
Abstract The Lesser Black-backed Gull (Larus fuscus Linnaeus, 1758) is a surface feeder with a broad prey spectrum that forages in the North Sea on subsurface pelagic fishes and crabs swimming within 0.6 m of the sea surface. In July 2006 and in July/August 2009 we surveyed the Frisian Front area in the southern North Sea (53.4oN-54.3oN 4.0oE-5.5oE) to determine the prey base for Lesser Black-backed Gulls. In July/August 2009 we conducted bird counts in an integrated ecosystem survey by simultaneously sampling subsurface pelagic prey by a combination of fishing and echosounding. Lesser Black-backed Gulls make use of facilitated foraging to improve the catchability of their prey. The two most important aids for facilitated foraging by Lesser Black-backed Gull in the Frisian Front were i) multi-species feeding associations with Common Murre and ii) fisheries discarding bycatch and offal. We found that in the top meter of the water column the natural prey base is large enough to provide for self-foraging, however, Lesser Black-backed Gulls were found to rely mainly on facilitated foraging.
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