Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 543852
Title Intensification and upgrading dynamics in emerging dairy clusters in the East African highlands
Author(s) Lee, Jan van der; Klerkx, Laurens; Bebe, Bockline Omedo; Mengistu, Ashenafi; Oosting, Simon
Source Sustainability 10 (2018)11. - ISSN 2071-1050
DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/su10114324
Department(s) Knowledge Technology and Innovation
Animal Breeding & Genomics
WASS
WIAS
Animal Production Systems
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018
Keyword(s) Agribusiness cluster - Commercialization - Dairy value chain - Ethiopia - Farming system - Kenya - Service arrangements - Sustainable intensification
Abstract

Based on farmer and value chain actor interviews, this comparative study of five emerging dairy clusters elaborates on the upgrading of farming systems, value chains, and context shapes transformations from semi-subsistent to market-oriented dairy farming. The main results show unequal cluster upgrading along two intensification dimensions: dairy feeding system and cash cropping. Intensive dairy is competing with other high-value cash crop options that resource-endowed farmers specialize in, given conducive support service arrangements and context conditions. A large number of drivers and co-dependencies between technical, value chain, and institutional upgrading build up to system jumps. Transformation may take decades when market and context conditions remain sub-optimal. Clusters can be expected to move further along initial intensification pathways, unless actors consciously redirect course. The main theoretical implications for debate about cluster upgrading are that co-dependencies between farming system, market, and context factors determine upgrading outcomes; the implications for the debate about intensification pathways are that they need to consider differences in farmer resource endowments, path dependency, concurrency, and upgrading investments. Sustainability issues for consideration include enabling a larger proportion of resource-poor farmers to participate in markets; enabling private input and service provision models; attention for food safety; and climate smartness.

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