In: The Urban Forest / Pearlmutter, D., Calfapietra, Carlo, Samson, Roeland, O'Brien, Liz, Krajter Ostoić, Silvija, Sanesi, Giovanni, Alonso del Amo, Rocío, Springer (Future City ) - ISBN 9783319502793 - p. 7 - 19.
As the majority of people living in cities around the world continues to grow, the challenges connected with life in densely populated urban areas are growing as well. One of the most prominent environmental features of urbanization is the tendency of temperatures in cities to gradually rise in comparison to their rural surroundings, in a localized climatic phenomenon known as the Urban Heat Island (UHI ) effect. Especially during periods of heat stress in warm-weather cities, the UHI may have a debilitating effect on the health and activity of the urban population. Urban green infrastructure in general, and urban trees and forests in particular, hold an unmatched potential as a means for mitigating the UHI effect and enhancing the thermal comfort of people in cities.
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