Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 545111
Title Maillard induced aggregation of individual milk proteins and interactions involved
Author(s) Cardoso, Hugo B.; Wierenga, Peter A.; Gruppen, Harry; Schols, Henk A.
Source Food Chemistry 276 (2019). - ISSN 0308-8146 - p. 652 - 661.
Department(s) Food Chemistry
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2019
Keyword(s) Aggregation - Disulphide - Maillard - α-Lactalbumin - β-Casein - β-Lactoglobulin

The aggregation of α-lactalbumin, β-lactoglobulin and β-casein after heating in dry state was studied in absence and presence of saccharides. In absence of saccharides, differences were observed in the extent of aggregation. Differences between the proteins were mostly due to differences in covalent aggregation. The presence of glucose during the heat treatment of milk proteins significantly increased the extent of aggregation, and decreased differences between proteins. α-Lactalbumin was selected as a model protein for the study of cross-links formed after heat treatment. In the presence of saccharides, these cross-links were found to consist of 36% of disulphide bridges (compared to >75% in the absence of glucose), followed by other cross-links such as lanthionine. Larger saccharides led to a decrease in Maillard induced aggregation; maltotriose actually even inhibited the formation of α-lactalbumin aggregates.

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