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Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 546032
Title Citizen Attitudes Toward Traditional and State Authorities: Substitutes or Complements?
Author(s) Windt, Peter Van der; Humphreys, Macartan; Medina, Lily; Timmons, Jeffrey F.; Voors, Maarten
Source Comparative Political Studies 52 (2019)12. - ISSN 0010-4140 - p. 1810 - 1840.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1177/0010414018806529
Department(s) WASS
Development Economics
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2019
Keyword(s) central authority - Congo - social contract - traditional authority
Abstract

Do citizens view state and traditional authorities as substitutes or complements? Past work has been divided on this question. Some scholars point to competition between attitudes toward these entities, suggesting substitution, whereas others highlight positive correlations, suggesting complementarity. Addressing this question, however, is difficult, as it requires assessing the effects of exogenous changes in the latent valuation of one authority on an individual’s support for another. We show that this quantity—a type of elasticity—cannot be inferred from correlations between support for the two forms of authority. We employ a structural model to estimate this elasticity of substitution using data from 816 villages in the Democratic Republic of Congo and plausibly exogenous rainfall and conflict shocks. Despite prima facie evidence for substitution logics, our model’s outcomes are consistent with complementarity; positive changes in citizen valuation of the chief appear to translate into positive changes in support for the government.

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