Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 546161
Title A method to quantify the energy-saving performance of greenhouse screen materials
Author(s) Hemming, S.; Baeza Romero, E.J.; Breugel, A.J. van; Mohammadkhani, V.
Source Acta Horticulturae 1227 (2018). - ISSN 0567-7572 - p. 221 - 229.
DOI https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2018.1227.27
Department(s) GTB Tuinbouw Technologie
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018
Keyword(s) Air permeability - Dynamic greenhouse model - Emission - Energy saving - Greenhouse screens - Thermal infrared transmission - Water vapour permeability
Abstract

Screens used in practice are made from various material compositions (woven fabrics, knitted fabrics, foils, open or closed structures, transparent, diffuse, aluminized, various colours) and for various purposes (energy saving, reduction in light sum, or diffuse light obscuration). An important goal of the use of screens in Dutch greenhouses is to save energy. Unfortunately, to date, there is no objective method to determine the energy-saving performance of a material under standardized conditions. Energy-saving rates are estimated by manufacturers using different methods. Growers have no way of comparing material performances independently in order to make a proper investment decision. In the current research, the goal was to develop a method to quantify the energy-saving performance of greenhouse screen materials under standardized conditions. The method is based on the scientific literature and expertise of different screen producers and growers. The research focused on the three main aspects that affect energy saving of a screen: 1) thermal radiation losses, determined by the emissivity and reflectivity for thermal infrared radiation; 2) air permeability, which determines heat convection losses, characterized at a wide range of air velocities to account for velocities by buoyancy through materials as well as for velocities by forced convection caused by internal fans; and 3) water vapour permeability, which determines latent heat losses, determined under temperature, humidity and air velocity conditions normally encountered in commercial greenhouses. For all aspects, different measurement methods were compared to choose the best method based on reproducibility, accuracy and practicability. Screen material properties were then fed into both steady-state and validated dynamic greenhouse climate models to calculate overall screen energy saving under well-defined conditions. In the current research, different screen materials from different producers were investigated. The paper describes the methodology developed and shows data on different screen materials.

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