|Title||Development of an Integrated Mariculture for the Collagen-Rich Sponge Chondrosia reniformis|
|Author(s)||Gökalp, Mert; Wijgerde, Tim; Sarà, Antonio; Goeij, Jasper M. De; Osinga, Ronald|
|Source||Marine Drugs 17 (2019)1. - ISSN 1660-3397|
|Department(s)||Marine Animal Ecology|
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||Chondrosia reniformis - Fishfarm - Integrated multitrophic aquaculture - Mariculture - Sponge|
In this study, novel methods were tested to culture the collagen-rich sponge Chondrosia reniformis Nardo, 1847 (Demospongiae, Chondrosiida, Chondrosiidae) in the proximity of floating fish cages. In a trial series, survival and growth of cultured explants were monitored near a polluted fish farm and a pristine control site. Attachment methods, plate materials, and plate orientation were compared. In a first trial, chicken wire-covered polyvinyl chloride (PVC) was found to be the most suitable substrate for C. reniformis (100% survival). During a second trial, survival on chicken wire-covered PVC, after six months, was 79% and 63% for polluted and pristine environments, respectively. Net growth was obtained only on culture plates that were oriented away from direct sunlight (39% increase in six months), whereas sponges decreased in size when sun-exposed. Chicken wire caused pressure on explants and it resulted in unwanted epibiont growth and was therefore considered to be unsuitable for long-term culture. In a final trial, sponges were glued to PVC plates and cultured for 13 months oriented away from direct sunlight. Both survival and growth were higher at the polluted site (86% survival and 170% growth) than at the pristine site (39% survival and 79% growth). These results represent a first successful step towards production of sponge collagen in integrated aquacultures.