Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 546767
Title How can we define "optimal microbiota?": a comparative review of structure and functions of microbiota of animals, fish and plants in agriculture
Author(s) Ikeda-Ohtsubo, W.; Brugman, S.; Warden, C.H.; Rebel, Annemarie; Folkerts, G.; Pieterse, C.M.J.
Source Frontiers in Nutrition 5 (2018)113. - ISSN 2296-861X - 18 p.
DOI https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2018.00090
Department(s) Cell Biology and Immunology
WIAS
Animal Health & Welfare
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2018
Abstract All multicellular organisms benefit from their own microbiota, which play important roles in maintaining the host nutritional health and immunity. Recently, the number of studies on the microbiota of animals, fish, and plants of economic importance is rapidly expanding and there are increasing expectations that productivity and sustainability in agricultural management can be improved by microbiota manipulation. However, optimizing microbiota is still a challenging task because of the lack of knowledge on the dominant microorganisms or significant variations between microbiota, reflecting sampling biases, different agricultural management as well as breeding backgrounds. To offer a more generalized view on microbiota in agriculture, which can be used for defining criteria of “optimal microbiota” as the goal of manipulation, we summarize here current knowledge on microbiota on animals, fish, and plants with emphasis on bacterial community structure and metabolic functions, and how microbiota can be affected by domestication, conventional agricultural practices, and use of antimicrobial agents. Finally, we discuss future tasks for defining “optimal microbiota,” which can improve host growth, nutrition, and immunity and reduce the use of antimicrobial agents in agriculture.
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