|Title||Global Production of Marine Bivalves. Trends and Challenges|
|Author(s)||Wijsman, J.W.M.; Troost, K.; Fang, J.; Roncarati, A.|
|Source||In: Goods and Services of Marine Bivalves / Smaal, Aad C., Ferreira, Joao G., Grant, Jon, Petersen, Jens K., Strand, Øivind, Springer International Publishing - ISBN 9783319967752 - p. 7 - 26.|
|Department(s)||Regional center Yerseke|
|Publication type||Peer reviewed book chapter|
|Abstract||The global production of marine bivalves for human consumption is more than 15 million tonnes per year (average period 2010–2015), which is about 14% of the total marine production in the world. Most of the marine bivalve production
(89%) comes from aquaculture and only 11% comes from the wild fishery.
Asia, especially China, is by far the largest producer of marine bivalves, accounting for 85% of the world production and responsible for the production growth. In other continents, the production is stabilizing or decreasing (Europe) the last decades. In order to stimulate growth, sustainability (Planet, Profit, People) of the aquaculture activities is a key issue. Environmental (Planet) aspects for sustainable aquaculture include the fishery on seed resources, carrying capacity, invasive species and organic loading. Food safety issues due to environmental contaminants and biotoxines should be minimized to increase the reliability of marine bivalves as a healthy food source and to stimulate market demands. Properly designed monitoring programs are important tools to accomplish sustainable growth of marine bivalve production.