Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 546976
Title Cellular signaling and cytoskeleton dynamics in Phytophthora
Author(s) Govers, F.; Hoogen, D.J. van den; Kots, K.; Ketelaar, T.
Event Oomycete Molecular Genetics Network Meeting 2018, Taian, Shandong, 2018-04-08/2018-04-12
Department(s) EPS
Laboratory of Phytopathology
Laboratory of Cell Biology
Publication type Abstract in scientific journal or proceedings
Publication year 2018
Abstract Sensing external signals and transducing these into intracellular responses
requires a balanced cellular organization that is largely governed by signal
transduction pathways and cytoskeleton dynamics. We aim to gain more
insight in these processes in Phytophthora species, oomycete plant pathogens
that cause devastating diseases worldwide. Our studies have shown that
Phytophthora spp. and other oomycetes possess unique classes of
GPCR-bigrams, proteins in which a G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR)
domain is linked to an accessory domain. Examples are GPCR-PIPKs that
have a phosphatidylinositol kinase (PIPK) domain as accessory domain. This
points to a direct connection between the two most important eukaryotic
signaling pathways, G-protein signaling and phospholipid signaling. In yeast
PIP2 generated by PIPK influences actin dynamics but in Phytophthora the
relation between PIP2, PIPK and actin is unknown. Actin is a major
component of the cytoskeleton, a well-organized, dynamic system of
intracellular filaments primary composed of actin and tubulin. Previously we
identified actin plaques as highly immobile, long-lived structures that are
unique for oomycetes. In addition, we found two other unique actin
configurations; one associated with plug deposition in germ tubes and the
other with appressoria, infection structures formed prior to host cell
penetration. Here we will present an update on GPCR-bigrams, the functional analyses of the Gγ subunit of the heterotrimeric G-protein, and new insights in
nuclear division based on life cell imaging of the microtubule cytoskeleton.
Our long-term goal is to uncover oomycete or Phytophthora specific features
that might be instrumental for drug design.
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