Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 547272
Title Short communication : Changes under low ambient temperatures in the milk lipodome and metabolome of mid-lactation cows after dehorning as a calf
Author(s) Baars, T.; Jahreis, G.; Lorkowski, S.; Rohrer, C.; Vervoort, J.; Hettinga, K.
Source Journal of Dairy Science 102 (2019)3. - ISSN 0022-0302 - p. 2698 - 2702.
DOI https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2018-15425
Department(s) EPS
VLAG
Biochemistry
Food Quality and Design
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2019
Keyword(s) cold stress - dehorning - lipodome - metabolome - ruminant physiology
Abstract

Horns are living tissue and cows can use their horns for thermoregulatory purposes. We investigated the effect of the presence of horns on the metabolome of milk serum and lipidome of milk fat, to assess the physiological effect of dehorning. Milk sampling took place at low ambient temperatures of −6 to 2°C. Horned and dehorned cows were kept in a mixed herd of Holstein Friesian and Brown Swiss cows. The hypothesis was that horned cows needed to increase their metabolism to compensate for additional heat loss through the presence of their horns. No differences were observed in milk yield, milk solids, and somatic cell counts between horned and dehorned cows. For the milk metabolome, horned cows showed an upregulation of several glucogenic AA that could be transformed into glucose for energy supply and a downregulation of sugar intermediates and γ-glutamylcysteine compared with dehorned cows. The fatty acid (FA) composition in horned cows showed a shift toward decreased odd medium-chain FA (C7:0, C9:0, and C11:0) and increased cis-vaccenic acid (C18:1n-7 cis-11) and stearidonic acid (C18:4n-3). The changes in milk composition related to additional heat loss in horned cows indicate a competition in C3 metabolism for glucose synthesis and de novo FA synthesis under cold stress.

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