Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 547729
Title The Future of Complementarity : Disentangling Causes from Consequences
Author(s) Barry, Kathryn E.; Mommer, Liesje; Ruijven, Jasper van; Wirth, Christian; Wright, Alexandra J.; Bai, Yongfei; Connolly, John; Deyn, Gerlinde B. De; Kroon, Hans de; Isbell, Forest; Milcu, Alexandru; Roscher, Christiane; Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael; Schmid, Bernhard; Weigelt, Alexandra
Source Trends in Ecology and Evolution 34 (2019)2. - ISSN 0169-5347 - p. 167 - 180.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2018.10.013
Department(s) PE&RC
Plant Ecology and Nature Conservation
Soil Biology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2019
Keyword(s) Abiotic facilitation - Biodiversity - Biotic feedbacks - Complementarity - Complementarity effect - Ecosystem functioning - Plant-soil feedback - Resource partitioning - Resource tracers - Stress amelioration
Abstract

Evidence suggests that biodiversity supports ecosystem functioning. Yet, the mechanisms driving this relationship remain unclear. Complementarity is one common explanation for these positive biodiversity–ecosystem functioning relationships. Yet, complementarity is often indirectly quantified as overperformance in mixture relative to monoculture (e.g., ‘complementarity effect’). This overperformance is then attributed to the intuitive idea of complementarity or, more specifically, to species resource partitioning. Locally, however, several unassociated causes may drive this overperformance. Here, we differentiate complementarity into three types of species differences that may cause enhanced ecosystem functioning in more diverse ecosystems: (i) resource partitioning, (ii) abiotic facilitation, and (iii) biotic feedbacks. We argue that disentangling these three causes is crucial for predicting the response of ecosystems to future biodiversity loss.

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