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Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 548003
Title Qualitative and quantitative interpretations of the least restrictive means
Author(s) Byskov, Morten F.
Source Bioethics 33 (2019)4. - ISSN 0269-9702 - p. 511 - 521.
DOI https://doi.org/10.1111/bioe.12548
Department(s) Philosophy
WASS
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2019
Keyword(s) capability approach - principle of the least restrictive means - public health ethics - qualitative freedom - quantitative freedom
Abstract

Within healthcare ethics and public health ethics, it has been the custom that medical and public health interventions should adhere to the principle of the least restrictive means. This principle holds that public health measures should interfere with the autonomous freedom of individuals to the least possible or necessary extent. This paper contributes to the discussion on how best to conceptualize what counts as the least restrictive means. I argue that we should adopt a novel, qualitative interpretation of what counts as the least restrictive means. Based on the multidimensional framework of the capability approach, the qualitative interpretation holds that the least restrictive means should be measured in terms of whether it restricts certain normatively valuable freedoms. I contrast this interpretation with quantitative interpretations that measure how much, or the extent to which, a public health measure interferes with the freedom of individuals.

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