Biofouling (or rather: biological fouling) on ships refers to the process where micro-organisms, plants, algae, or animals accumulate on outside areas of the ship that are (mostly) underwater. Biofouling on ships can result in the transfer of (non-native) invasive aquatic species. This risk has been addressed in the International Maritime Organization’s (IMO) 2011 Guidelines for the control and management of ships’ biofouling to minimize the transfer of invasive aquatic species (MEPC.207(62)). In this report, the implementation of this guideline in the Netherlands will be reviewed, based on interviews and an online survey.
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