Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 548334
Title Aroma formation in retentostat co-cultures of Lactococcus lactis and Leuconostoc mesenteroides
Author(s) Mastrigt, Oscar van; Egas, Reinier A.; Abee, Tjakko; Smid, Eddy J.
Source Food Microbiology 82 (2019). - ISSN 0740-0020 - p. 151 - 159.
Department(s) Food Microbiology
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2019
Keyword(s) Cheese - Fermentation - Interaction - Mixed culture - Near-zero growth rate

Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis biovar diacetylactis and Leuconostoc mesenteroides are considered to be the main aroma producers in Dutch-type cheeses. Both species of lactic acid bacteria were grown in retentostat mono- and co-cultures to investigate their interaction at near-zero growth rates and to determine if co-cultivation enhances the aroma complexity compared to single species performance. During retentostat mono-cultures, the growth rates of both species decreased to less than 0.001 h −1 and a large fraction of the cells became viable but not culturable. Compared to Lc. mesenteroides, L. lactis reached a 3.4-fold higher biomass concentration caused by i) a higher ATP yield on substrate, ii) a higher biomass yield on ATP and iii) a lower maintenance requirement (m ATP ). Dynamic models estimated that the m ATP of both species decreased approximately 7-fold at near-zero growth rates compared to high growth rates. Extension of these models by assuming equal substrate distribution resulted in excellent prediction of the biomass accumulation in retentostat co-cultures with L. lactis dominating (100:1) as observed in ripened cheese. Despite its low abundance (∼1%), Lc. mesenteroides contributed to aroma production in co-cultures as indicated by the presence of all 5 specific Lc. mesenteroides compounds. This study provides insights in the production of cheese aroma compounds outside the cheese matrix by co-cultures of L. lactis and Lc. mesenteroides, which could be used as food supplements in dairy or non-dairy products.

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