|Title||Ecotoxicological benthic impacts of experimental oil-contaminated marine snow deposition|
|Author(s)||Eenennaam, Justine S. van; Rohal, Melissa; Montagna, Paul A.; Radović, Jagoš R.; Oldenburg, Thomas B.P.; Romero, Isabel C.; Murk, Albertinka J.; Foekema, Edwin M.|
|Source||Marine Pollution Bulletin 141 (2019). - ISSN 0025-326X - p. 164 - 175.|
Marine Animal Ecology
Onderz. Form. D.
|Publication type||Refereed Article in a scientific journal|
|Keyword(s)||MOSSFA - Marine snow - benthic invertebrates - meiofauna - oil toxicity - Bioavailability|
|Abstract||Marine Oil Snow Sedimentation and Flocculent Accumulation (MOSSFA) can pose serious threats to the marine benthic ecosystem as it results in a deposition of oil contaminated marine snow on the sediment surface. In a microcosm experiment we investigated the effects of oil in combination with artificial marine snow or kaolin clay on two benthic invertebrate species and benthic meiofauna. The amphipod showed a dose-dependent decrease in survival for both oil-contaminated clay and oil-contaminated marine snow. The gastropod was only affected by the highest concentration of oil-contaminated marine snow and had internal concentrations of PAHs with a similar distribution as oil-contaminated marine snow. Benthic copepods showed higher survival in presence
of marine snow. This study revealed that marine snow on the sediment after oil spills affects organisms in a trait-dependent way and that it can be a vector for introducing oil into the food web.