Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 549300
Title Cooling Urban Water Environments : Design Prototypes for Design Professionals
Author(s) Cortesão, J.; Lenzholzer, S.; Klok, Lisette; Jacobs, C.M.J.; Kluck, Jeroen
Source In: PLEA 2018: Smart and Healthy Within the Two-Degree Limit. - PLEA - p. 520 - 525.
Event PLEA 2018: Smart and Healthy Within the Two-Degree Limit, Hong Kong, 2018-12-10/2018-12-12
Department(s) Landscape Architecture and Spatial Planning
Climate Change
CWC - Earth System Science and Climate Change
Publication type Contribution in proceedings
Publication year 2019
Keyword(s) Urban Heat - Research Through Design - Prototype - Water bodies - Thermal sensation
Categories Land Use Planning
Abstract This paper presents five design prototypes for cool urban water environments developed in the 'Really cooling water bodies in cities' (REALCOOL) project. The REALCOOL prototypes address an urgent need: urban water bodies, such as ponds or canals, are often assumed to cool down their surroundings during days with heat stress, whereas recent research shows that this is not always the case and that urban water bodies may actually have warming effects too. There are, however, indications that shading, vaporising water, and proper ventilation can keep water bodies and their surroundings cooler. Yet, it is necessary to explore how these strategies can be optimally combined and how the resulting design guidelines can be communicated to design professionals. The REALCOOL prototypes communicate the spatial layout and biometeorological effects of such combinations and assist design decisions dealing with urban water environments. The micrometeorological simulations with Envi­met showed that the prototypes led to local reductions on daytime PET from 1 °C to 7 °C, upon introducing shade. Water mist and fountains were also cooling solutions. The important role of ventilation was confirmed. The paper discusses and concludes about the use of the prototypes as tools for urban design practice.
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