Staff Publications

Staff Publications

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    'Staff publications' is the digital repository of Wageningen University & Research

    'Staff publications' contains references to publications authored by Wageningen University staff from 1976 onward.

    Publications authored by the staff of the Research Institutes are available from 1995 onwards.

    Full text documents are added when available. The database is updated daily and currently holds about 240,000 items, of which 72,000 in open access.

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Record number 549358
Title Changing the behaviour of children living in Dutch disadvantaged neighbourhoods to improve breakfast quality: Comparing the efficacy of three school-based strategies
Author(s) Zeinstra, Gertrude G.; Vingerhoeds, Monique H.; Vrijhof, Milou; Mourik, Sanne van; Houtzager, Romy N.; Kleef, Ellen van
Source Appetite 137 (2019). - ISSN 0195-6663 - p. 163 - 173.
Department(s) VLAG
Food, Health & Consumer Research
Marketing and Consumer Behaviour
Publication type Refereed Article in a scientific journal
Publication year 2019
Keyword(s) Breakfast - Children - Disadvantaged communities - Education - Role models - Tailored feedback

Children's breakfast habits are suboptimal. A novel school-based education programme was developed and tested with the aim of improving children's attitude, knowledge and breakfast quality. A pre- and post-test design was used with four conditions: group-based education, role modelling, tailored feedback with goal setting, and a combination of these three delivery modes. Two hundred eighty children from disadvantaged communities (9.3 ± 0.8 years) participated in three lessons at school over a two-month period. Children's attitude, knowledge and breakfast behaviour were evaluated by a pre- and post-questionnaire completed by the children. A follow-up measure was executed at 24 weeks. The data were analysed by repeated measures ANOVA. At baseline, 90% of the children ate breakfast on the measurement day; 60–76% of the children ate breakfast daily. Between pre- and post-test, a significant time effect was found for children's attitude, self-efficacy, knowledge and behaviour (all p < 0.05). Children in the feedback condition improved most favourably: correct classification of breakfast products increased by 10 products (out of 44) and breakfast quality score improved by 25 points (on a 100-point scale). The feedback condition also resulted in positive changes in the home setting. The follow-up test showed a decline in children's knowledge and their breakfast quality across conditions. To conclude, this study showed that a three-lesson school programme based on individual feedback and goal setting is most effective for changing knowledge on breakfasting and self-reported breakfast quality among children aged 8–10 years living in disadvantaged neighbourhoods. To maintain effectiveness, longer-term programmes embedded in the school curriculum are needed to enhance breakfast quality. Future research should explore the optimal duration and intensity of such programmes and should incorporate the topic of suitable portion sizes.

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